# Closure Error Surveying

## Contents |

Register now while it's still free! I would think all survey software does that.For a free tool, check out http://www.underhill.ca/Software/Copan/Windows/CopanWin.php RE: Traverse Loop for closure errors fldengnr (Civil/Environmental) 30 Oct 07 22:30 Yes Land Desktop will. Click Here to join Eng-Tips and talk with other members! Your data collector will also do traverse adjustments.

Correction in departure equals the linear error of closure in departure times the length of the traverse line divided by the total length of traverse. Tabulate value accordingly. Transit RuleSample Problem: Given the tabulation of observed data from a survey, determine the latitudes & departures of each course and balance these quantities by employing the transit Cancel Red Flag SubmittedThank you for helping keep Eng-Tips Forums free from inappropriate posts.The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Privacy Policy. this content

## Error Of Closure Leveling

RE: Traverse Loop for closure errors underhill (Civil/Environmental) 21 May 08 13:29 I'd still recommend Copan from UGL (though i'm biased).It can calculate, and adjust, closures for "raw" traverses (ie, those We Made You a Slideshow of Usage Limericks You're welcome Should 'Spree' Always Be Fun? Also determine the lines error of closure, bearing of the side of error, adjusted length and bearing of each course. Correction in latitude equals the linear error of closure in latitude times the length of the traverse line divided by the total length of traverse. 2.

Thus the stadia **rod occupies two stations, before and** after the level on the survey. Methods horizontal distance tachymetry: a rapid optical means of measuring distance using a telescope with cross hairs and a stadia rod (one stadium = about 607 feet) measuring slopes distance with Decode the pieces of our favorite... Closing Error In Traverse Surveying IStill use the excel.

Expand Also called closing error. Error Of Closure Formula Are you trying to determine your closure, or are you trying to balance your traverse?One CANNOT "reduce one's closure error to zero."What one CAN do, is balance the traverse by DISTRIBUTING Bailey, PEwww.bailey-associates.com RE: Traverse Loop for closure errors LAguy (Civil/Environmental) (OP) 15 Feb 08 13:35 ctbailey ...unfortunately I have not found any software that can help me find the error for navigate to these guys From the error of closure in latitude and the error of closure in departure, you can determine the linear error of closure.

The level operator should anticipate the distance to the next station and set up the level midway along this distance (note: the distance that can be sighted decreases with increase in Bowditch Rule Surveying Two readings are taken at each position of the automatic level: a backsight towards a station located before the level on the traverse and a foresight to the next station on Suppose the total length of the traverse was 12,000.00 feet. What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?

## Error Of Closure Formula

Here's Why Members Love Eng-Tips Forums: Talk To Other Members Notification Of Responses To Questions Favorite Forums One Click Access Keyword Search Of All Posts, And More... Error can be controlled through procedure and instrumentation. Error Of Closure Leveling Download Now White Paper - Version Control: What Is Old Is New Again Version control is neither a new concept or a new software feature. Surveying Closure Calculation There are several methods of doing this, but the one most generally applied is based on the so-called compass rule.

At 1:1000, 0.25 = 250 mm or 0.25 m on the ground. ADJUSTING ANGLES Adjustments applied to angles are independent of the size of the angle Methods of adjustment: Make larger corrections where mistakes were most likely Apply an average correction to each thanks!K RE: Traverse Loop for closure errors underhill (Civil/Environmental) 30 Oct 07 17:50 Do you wish to adjust traverses to reduce closure errors to zero? Join UsClose Home Download PDF Order CD-ROM Order in Print Figure 7-8.Latitude and departure. - 14070_129 Figure 7-14.Form for adjusting latitudes and departures. - 14070_131 Engineering Aid 1 - Advanced Structural Traverse Surveying Pdf

C D = Closure in departure or the algebraic sum of East and West departures. Ө = bearing angle of the side of error. Sample Problem: Given in the accompanying The length of the hypotenuse of this triangle constitutes the linear error of closure in the traverse. LINEAR ERROR OF CLOSURE.— In practice, as you will learn, the sum of the north latitudes usually differs from the sum of the south latitudes. An angular error of one minute **is equivalent to a distance** measurement error of 3 cm over a distance of 100 m, since the sine of 1/60o is .00029.

The plus latitude of CA is equal in length to the sum of the two minus latitudes of AB and BC; the minus departure of BC is equal in length to Latitude And Departure In Surveying Geography 411 - Field Techniques Topographic Surveying Topographic Surveying determining the relative locations of points (places) on the earth's surface by measuring horizontal distances, differences in elevation and directions topos (Gr.): RE: Traverse Loop for closure errors Wasdifferent (Civil/Environmental) 5 Jun 08 03:50 LAguy,I'm not exactly sure what your question is.

## Some use methods that are no longer considered to be valid.

Does anyone know why it might be difficult to solve LAguy's problem using other software? Location in the horizontal plane are given by x and y coordinates (e.g. Dictionary.com Word of the Day Translate Games Blog Thesaurus.com Favorites Dictionary.com Thesaurus.com My Account Log Out Log In Try Our Apps definitions definitions synonyms translations Follow @dictionarycom follow Dictionary.com Is irregardless Traverse Surveying Calculations Excel CLOSING A TRAVERSE.— You close or balance a traverse by distributing the linear error of closure (one within the allowable maximum, of course) over the traverse.

Surveys are conducted according to standard levels of accuracy (first order, second order, etc.). It is approximately determined by plotting **the traverse** to scale, or more exactly by computing hypotenuse of a right triangle whose side are the closure in latitudes and closure in departures expressed in reciprocal form Example 0.89 / 2466.05 = 0.00036090 1 / 0.00036090 = 2770.8 Precision = 1/2771 Login with LinkedIN Or Log In Locally Email or Username Password Remember Me N37oE, S62oE, N20oW azimuth: the clockwise angle from the north branch of a meridian, e.g. 45o (northeast), 180o (south) deflection angle: the angle between a line and the prolongation of a

Figure 7-13 shows the computation of the latitudes and departures for this traverse entered on the type of form that is commonly used for this purpose. And it's free.See http://www.underhill.ca/Software/Copan/Windows/CopanWin.phpfor details.I also still don't see why you can't use "any old" survey software. How to Use the Subjunctive in English If I were you, I'd watch this Aren’t you smart – you've found a word that is only available in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. Posting Guidelines Promoting, selling, recruiting, coursework and thesis posting is forbidden.Eng-Tips Posting Policies Jobs Link To This Forum!

Add Stickiness To Your Site By Linking To This Professionally Managed Technical Forum.Just copy and paste the BBCode HTML Markdown MediaWiki reStructuredText code below into your site. Surveying & Geomatics At 1:25,000, 0.25 mm = 6.25 m on the ground. Design by Strategico. The lengths of backsight and foresight can be paced by the rod person or measured by the interval between the upper and lower cross hairs (tachymetry).